Justice, Equity and God-Consciousness

In Ramadhan by Admin

Today’s Friday sermon was a continuance of the last two sermons elucidating verses 152 to 154 of Surah Al An’am. The two aspects explained today pertain to paying societal dues, ending disorder from society, establishing peace and justice in society, making hearts subservient to Divine commandments and fulfilling pacts and covenants or about the Islamic teaching regarding them.

Objections are raised about Islam today that God forbid, it is a harsh, extremist faith. Recently someone wrote in the USA that Friday is a day of disorder in Islam and raised many other objections against Islam. Our Jama’at contacted the publication which published the piece and one of our young men wrote a good piece in response explaining the beautiful teaching of Islam, objectives of Islamic teaching and objectives of Friday in Islam. Hazrat Khalifatul Masih has further instructed them on how to compose articles in this regard. Today is only Jama’at e Ahmadiyya which is taking the mission of the true and ardent devotee of the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) forward by not only defending Islam but also by silencing the enemy through reasoning. At times God also enables fair-minded non-Muslim people to articulate the qualities of Islam. Recently a Catholic scholar, a professor, wrote such a piece in the Daily Telegraph, praising Islam and Muslims. He criticised atheists and [British] nationalist movements and wrote that Muslims should try and uphold their excellent teachings and traditions.

As regards the Quranic commandments on justice and fairness, it states:‘…And when you speak, observe justice, even if the concerned person be a relative…’ (6:153) Dispensing justice is multi-faceted and the Holy Qur’an has given detailed directives about it. Observance of justice as regards one’s near and dear ones, the Qur’an states: ‘O ye who believe! be strict in observing justice, and being witnesses for the sake of Allah, even though it be against yourselves or againstparents and kindred. Whether he be rich or poor, Allah is more regardful of them both than you are. Therefore follow not low desires so that you may be able to act equitably. And if you concealthe truth or evade it, then remember that Allah is well aware of what you do. (4:136) Here, it is explained that a general principle regarding bearing witness should be that it is purely for the sake of seeking God’s pleasure. The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said: ‘Be firm on truth and on justice and all your testimonies should be for the sake of God.’ Indeed, unless the objective is to bear witness for the sake of God the requisite high standard cannot be attained.

The Promised Messiah (on whom be peace) said: ‘Administering justice is the king of all faculties. If the capacity to administer justice is missing in a person, he will be deprived [from the merit of] all other faculties as well.’ The human trait to be fair enhances his other qualities. If the capacity as mentioned in the aforementioned verse is enacted upon, that is, one bears witness against oneself, one’s parents and near and dear ones, a peerless beautiful society would be created.

Bearing witness/testifying is required when there is a problem between two parties so that the reality of the matter is clarified and dispensing of justice is made easy. However, if the very testimony is false, it is possible that the decision of the decision-maker is not right, in fact even the wrong decision can be given. In this regard the sin is on the person who gives false testimony. Some people do give wrong testimony to benefit their near and dear ones. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) said that anyone who made him give out an incorrect verdict by giving a wrong statement as if takes a piece of fire from him.

The aforementioned verse (4:136) is also applicable on matters of marital disagreements. Those who try and particularly seek what is not due to them by giving false testimonies, whether is the wife or the husband or their respective families, facilitate miscarriage of justice and obtain piece of fire for themselves. God states that contesting parties and witnesses thus avoid what is fair by following their selfish desires. He then states: ‘…if you conceal the truth or evade it, then remember that Allah is well aware of what you do.’ Giving false testimony by someone can deceive the decision-maker and have a verdict passed in their favour and against the rules of justice, but God is well aware and cannot be deceived. The Holy Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be on him) has drawn attention to saying the clear and straight word in the Nikah sermon, so that while going through life and in times of disagreements, Qawl e Sadeed (the right word) is not abandoned. Doing so takes one away from justice and fairness and it becomes a source of chaos and turmoil.

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